Types of Hair Loss


There are many types of hair loss that an individual can experience. The most common types of hair loss include but are not limited to:

Female Hair Thinning

Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) primarily occurs in adult women and is a common form of nonscarring hair loss. It is characterized by progressive loss of terminal hairs in the frontal and vertex regions of the scalp.

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Male Pattern Balding

Male pattern hair loss is believed to be due to a combination of genetics and the male hormone dihydrotestosterone....

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Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is a chronic immune mediated disorder which affects the hair follicles and causes nonscarring hair loss. It is most commonly presented by patches of hair loss of the scalp. Mostly it hits patients under the age of 30 but can occur at any age. Both men and women are equally affected. There is a genetic risk for the development of this, but other factors such as infection, drugs and vaccinations have been tied to this as triggering factors.
Patches of alopecia areata are smooth, circular with discrete areas of hair loss developing over a period of a few weeks. Some patients may develop a itchy or burning sensation preceding this.

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Tinea Capitis

Tinea Capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp. This presents with scaly patches of hair loss on the scalp with black dots at the follicle opening. Patients may have inflammation and lymphadenopathy. It is often contracted from other individuals and primarily occurs in children but adults can contract this as well.
Primary treatment is with oral antifungal therapy which patients respond well to.

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Cellulitis

Cellulitis appears as a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot and tender. It can spread...

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Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic skin condition of sores with inflammation and scarring favoring the face and scalp

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Hair Breakage

We have all experienced breakage at one point or another, but there are definitely ways to avoid it and to minimize it as much as possible and...

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Trichotillomania (Nervous Hair Pulling)

Nervous hair pulling is deliberate manipulation of the hair. There is an unusual pattern of broken hair with various lengths which is characteristic for this. This can coexist with alopecia areata.
This is more common in women, with ages between 15-45yrs.

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Folliculitis

Folliculitis is a common skin condition in which hair follicles become inflamed. It's usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection.

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Seborrheic Dermatitis

hat red, itchy rash on your scalp that has flaky scales could be seborrheic dermatitis, or ...

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Lichen Planopilaris

Lichen Planopilaris (LLP) is an uncommon scalp disorder which is characterized by erythema, follicular hyperkeratosis and permanent hair loss. The pathogenesis is poorly understood but it is thought to be an immune-mediated disorder. The primary population affected are adults between ages 25-70 years. LLP is more common in females than males.

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Androgenetic Alopecia - male

This is the most common type of hair loss in men. It affects approximately 50% by age 50. It is characterized by progressive loss of hair in a certain pattern. The typical site of involvement are: the front of the scalp, mid scalp, side of the scalp and the vertex. This is otherwise known as male balding or male pattern hair loss.

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Telogen Effluvium

This is an uncommon variant of alopecia areata. This is characterized by diffuse thinning hair, nonscarring, which can be transient or chronic. This occurs due to an abnormal shift in the follicular cycle which leads to premature shedding of hair. Different factors can trigger this, which includes, major surgery, serious illness, childbirth, malnutrition, drugs and severe emotional stress. In a small percentage it may be idiopathic.

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